Integrating Quotations

 

The first time that you quote a source, include all pertinent information. You must use MLA parenthetical documentation for ALL FACTS AND/OR QUOTATIONS.  (Reread the preceding sentence!!!)  Establish credibility of the source/writer by including his/her full name and the title of the article/book the first time you reference that source. Each quotation should be set up for a smooth transition. Never have a quotation just "dangling" by itself.    There are many useful MLA In-Text Citations sites on the Internet, which also illustrate the smooth integration of quotations properly documented.  Here is an example of a quotation and its reference, followed by the different ways the same quotation can be incorporated into text:

 
Source:    Myths
Author:    Alexander Eliot
Quote:     "In the language of symbolism, the sunís energy is considered a male force, and its element
                is gold."
Page:       95

 

1. Example of authorís name and book title incorporated in sentence.  If you use the authorís name in the sentence, then you only need to include the page number in the parenthetical citation.
 

        a.  In Myths, Alexander Eliot states, "In the language of symbolism, the sunís energy is
             considered a male force, and its element is gold" (95).

        b.  Alexander Eliot, author of Myths, states, "In the language of symbolism, the sunís energy is
             considered a male force, and its element is gold" (95).

 
2. Once the author's credentials are established, you only refer to the last name.  If you use the authorís name in the sentence, then you only need to include the page number in the parenthetical citation.

a.  According to Eliot, the sun is "considered a male force" in many cultures (95).

          b.   Eliot says that the sun is "considered a male force" in many cultures (95).

c.  Eliot states, "[T]he sunís energy is considered a male force" (95).

 

3. If you do not use the author's name in the sentence, you must include the authorís name in your parenthetical documentation:

        a.  In many cultures, the sun is "considered a male force," and it is associated with the element
            of gold (Eliot 95).

 

4. Even when you do not use a direct quote, DOCUMENT ALL FACTS.  If you do not, the information is useless, and you have not demonstrated any research skills.

a.  In many cultures, the sun is considered male and the moon is female (Eliot 95).

b.  Gold is associated with the sun, and silver is associated with the moon (Eliot 95).

 

Your bibliography (or "Works Citedí) must go on a separate page.  Consult the appropriate MLA format for your particular citation entry.  
 

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