Bacterial Meningitis Information (SB 1107)
The Texas Education Code, § 51.9192, subchapter Z, establish the January 1, 2012, requirement for bacterial meningitis vaccination for the college students under the age of 22 to submit evidence of being immunized within the last five years. All students that have not attended any Texas college or university during the previous long semester(s) (fall and spring) will be required to have the bacterial meningitis vaccination at least 10 days prior to the first day of the semester. Students will not be able to register until proof of vaccination is on file.
The following is acceptable evidence of vaccination or receiving a booster dose:
- The signature or stamp of a physician or his/her designee, or public health personnel on a form which shows the month, day, and year the vaccination dose or booster was administered;
- An official immunization record generated from a state or local health authority; or
- An official record received from school officials, including a record from another state
Bacterial Meningitis is a serious, potentially deadly disease that can progress extremely fast — so take the utmost caution. It is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. The bacteria that cause meningitis can also infect the blood. This disease strikes about 3,000 Americans annually, including 100-125 on college campuses, leading to 5-15 deaths among college students every year. There is a treatment, but those who survive might develop severe health problems or disabilities.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
- High fever
- Severe headache
- Rash or purple patches on skin
- Light sensitivity
- Stiff neck
- Confusion and sleepiness
There may be a rash of tiny, red-purple spots caused by bleeding under the skin. These can occur anywhere on the body.
The more symptoms, the higher the risk, so when these symptoms appear seek immediate medical attention.
HOW IS BACTERIAL MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
- Diagnosis is made by a medical provider and is usually based on a combination of clinical symptoms and laboratory results from spinal fluid and blood tests.
- Early diagnosis and treatment can greatly improve the likelihood of recovery.
HOW IS THE DISEASE TRANSMITTED?
The disease is transmitted when people exchange saliva (such as by kissing, or by sharing drinking containers, utensils, cigarettes, toothbrushes, etc.) or come in contact with respiratory or throat secretions.
HOW DO YOU INCREASE YOUR RISK OF GETTING BACTERIAL MENINGITIS?
- Exposure to saliva by sharing cigarettes, water bottles, eating utensils, food, kissing, etc.
- Living in close conditions (such as sharing a room/suite in a dorm or group home).
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES OF THE DISEASE?
- Death (in 8 to 24 hours from perfectly well to dead)
- Permanent brain damage
- Kidney failure
- Learning disability
- Hearing loss, blindness
- Limb damage (fingers, toes, arms, legs) that requires amputation
CAN THE DISEASE BE TREATED?
- Antibiotic treatment, if received early, can save lives and chances of recovery are increased. However, permanent disability or death can still occur.
- Vaccinations are available and should be considered for:
- Those living in close quarters
- College students under 22 years of age
- Vaccinations are effective against 4 of the 5 most common bacterial types that cause 70 percent of the disease in the U.S. (but does not protect against all types of meningitis).
- Vaccinations take 10 days to become effective, with protection lasting 5 years.
- The cost of vaccine varies, so check with your health care provider.
- Vaccination is very safe — the most common side effects are redness and minor pain at injection site for up to two days.
HOW CAN I FIND OUT MORE INFORMATION?
- Contact your own health care provider.
- Contact the Ector County Health Department (432-498-4141), or your local health department, or use the search for services feature by calling 211 on your phone, or visit 211 Texas (https://www.211texas.org/211/).
The student has a right to claim an exemption from the vaccination requirement. To claim the exemption the student must provide one of the following:
- An affidavit or a certificate signed by a physician who is duly registered and licensed to practice medicine in the United States, in which it is stated that, in the physician's opinion, the vaccination required would be injurious to the health and well-being of the student; or
- For new students living in on-campus housing or under the age of 18 must use the official Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) form and can be ordered electronically. It is mailed from DSHS to the student and it may take up to two weeks to receive the form.
- Students attending public junior colleges (community colleges) can apply online through the portal at the Department of State Health Services (DSHS).
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